# *What Is the green Revolution? The green revolution led to high productivity of crops through adapted measures, such as (1) increased area under farming, (2) double-cropping, which includes planting two crops rather than one, annually, (3) adoption of HYV of seeds, (4) highly increased use of inorganic fertilizers and pesticides, (5) improved irrigation facilities, and (6) improved farm implements and crop protection measures ## Impacts of the green Revolution Impacts on Agriculture and Environment major issue is the pest attack, which arises due to an imbalance in the pests. Due to increased pesticide usage, the predator and prey pests are not in balance, and hence there is an overpopulation of one kind of pest that would attack certain crops. This leads to an imbalance in the production of those kinds of crops. These crops would need stronger pesticides or pesticides of new kinds to tackle the pests attacking those. This also has led to the disruption in the food chain Pests and Pesticide ## Water Consumption India has the highest demand for freshwater usage globally, and 91% of water is used in the agricultural sector The crops introduced during the green revolution were water-intensive crops. Most of these crops are cereals, and almost 50% of dietary water footprint is constituted by cereals in India. Since the crop cycle is less, the net water consumed by these crops is also really high. The production of rice currently needs flooding of water for its growth (International Rice Research Institute). *## Advantages and Disadvantages of Green Revolution* Advantages D
- Helps with Predictable yields. - It decreases the quality of the soil.
It has reduced the production cost an increased rural employment.
- It has sever health impacts on the human body.
It has helped the industries to grow large amounts of crops. - It has depleted the soil, thus
developing soil pollution.
It has helped to feed more individuals. - Grown regional disparities in Pakistan.